What is a Payday Alternative Loan?

Hey, are you in need of a PAL?

No, not that sort of pal, but rather a Payday Alternative Loan (PAL) to pay for something that you can’t afford right now. A new car, a washing machine that went on the fritz, or groceries that you can’t wait till your next paycheck to buy?

Don’t go to a payday lender when a PAL can solve your problems. Read on to learn why a PAL is better than a payday loan.

What is a Payday Alternative Loan (PAL)?

A PAL is a short-term loan with high-interest rates and annual percentage rates, offering a simple application process. All you need is proof of income and a bank account.

Currently, it’s common for a payday lender to count on a borrower’s inability to satisfy the repayment terms. The result is multiple loan rollovers that add on fees and always force borrowers into a vicious cycle of debt.

Payday alternative loans were created by the National Credit Union Administration in 2010 to help borrowers obtain a small loan that could be used for important financial needs without the high-interest rates as well as quick repayment requirements typical of traditional payday loans. One major point to keep in mind if obtaining a PAL is that you must be a federal credit union member.

Also, in September 2019, the NCUA approved a final rule allowing federal credit unions to offer a new second payday alternative loan, or PALs II. The NCUA stressed this loan doesn’t replace the original loan but is a second option available to federal credit union members.

What is a Payday Loan?

Payday loans are short-term, high-interest loans that you usually repay via direct debit to your bank account on your next payday. They’re usually not reported to the credit bureaus and therefore have easier qualification requirements than traditional loans.

Also, payday loans are small sums of money ranging from $100 to $1,500, installment loans allowing for higher loan amounts that could range from $200 to several thousand dollars.

How to Qualify for a Payday Alternative Loan

Again, only those who have been a member of a federal credit union for at least 30 days are eligible to apply for the original payday alternative loan.

But don’t despair, a PALs II loan has no waiting period. Applicants of both loans must pay the application fee, which cannot exceed $25.

Do You Need Good Credit to Qualify for a Payday Alternative Loan?

Most traditional lenders will check your credit report, but for payday alternative loans, sometimes no credit check is performed. Instead, credit unions want your membership to be in good standing and make sure you can make the monthly payments. To verify your income, you’ll need to show pay stubs or checking or savings account statements.

Specific Credit Union Membership Requirements

Each credit union has its qualification requirements. For example, Veridian Credit Union lists direct deposit of paychecks and proof of income as qualifications of their PAL.

LG&W Federal Credit Union lists a variety of additional requirements to get a PAL through its organization. It requires the applicant to be at least 18 years old, has a six-month work history, and a payroll deduction to a savings or checking account at the credit union with a minimum amount of $100.00 monthly.

Additional PALs I Requirements:

Individuals who opt for the PALs I loan must take out a minimum of $200. The maximum loan amount is $1,000. The federal credit union will assign a term to the loan ranging from one to six months. While borrowers can ask for as many as three payday alternative loans in six months, second and third loans will not be issued until the previous loan is paid off.

Additional PALs II Requirements:

There is no minimum loan requirement with PALs II, but borrowers can’t withdraw more than $2,000. The loan term can range from one month to 12 months with only one PALs II loan being issued at a time.

You can’t open a second PALs II loan until the first one is fully paid off, but you can take out an unlimited number of PALs II loans in six months. The catch is you will need to keep paying the previous loan off first.

Payday Alternative Loans vs. Payday Loans

As mentioned, Payday alternative loans are loans for amounts of up to $2,000. Payday loans are small-dollar loans for a maximum of $500.

Here are several other key differences:

Rollovers

PALs have a strict restriction against rollovers, while payday loans can be rolled over multiple times. Each time a large fee is added to the principal of the payday loan, making it more difficult to pay off in total.

Interest Rates

An example would be, The Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis reported the average interest rate for a payday loan is 391%. Compare that to the PALs’ maximum yearly interest rate of 28%, which is lower than the interest rate on many credit cards.

Loan Fees

According to the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, payday loan fees can range from $10 to $30 for every $100 borrowed depending on various state laws. A fee of $15, for example, equates to an annual percentage rate (APR) of almost 400% for a two-week loan. So, if you borrow $300 until your next payday, it will cost you $345 to pay it back.

With payday alternative loans, the highest application fee you’ll pay is $25. While this may seem as if you’re paying more, payday alternative loans let you borrow more money for extended periods which lowers the APR you pay.

Repayment Timeframe

Payday loans are usually required to be repaid when the borrower receives their next paycheck. Typically, this happens about two weeks later, although it can be one month if using a paycheck such as Social Security. Depending on which PAL loan a person takes out, a repayment timeframe can be from one to 12 months.

Eligibility

Anyone with a regular paycheck can qualify for a payday loan. To qualify for a payday alternative loan, you need to join a credit union, locally or via online banking.

Why are payday loans such a poor choice? Watch this to learn more:

Other Credit Union Loan Options

Both federal and state credit unions offer diverse types of loans.

These include:

Dedicated Purpose Loans

This is a loan backed by securities and is usually used to purchase other securities under specific government regulations.

Deferred Access or Credit-Builder Loans

A credit builder loan is an installment loan with fixed monthly payments, very much like a personal loan, auto loan, and mortgage. Payments you make toward your credit builder loan are reported to the credit bureaus and sometimes help establish a better credit score.

Credit Union Personal Loan

Credit unions are usually community savings and loan cooperatives, where members pool their savings to lend to each other and help operate the credit union. All credit unions offer savings and loan accounts while usually larger credit unions may also offer additional products and services.

A Personal Line of Credit

A line of credit is a preset borrowing limit that can be withdrawn and used at any time. The borrower can withdraw funds as needed until the limit is reached, and as money is repaid, it can be borrowed again in the case of an open line of credit. It is usually established between a financial institution like a bank and a client that establishes the maximum loan amount the customer can borrow.

What is a CDFI?

If you have poor credit and are unable to get approved for an affordable loan, some credit unions have been deemed Community Development Financial Institutions or CDFIs. These serve borrowers in low-income communities and often rely on credit scores.

Other Payday Loan Alternatives

There are several other types of loans that can help you get your debt under control and improve your overall financial situation.

Here are a few loan options:

Personal Loans

An unsecured personal loan is a fixed-rate loan not backed by collateral and repaid in monthly installments over a specific term, typically 2 to 7 years. When you need money for a big expense or need to consolidate your debt, a personal loan might be an option. You can use the funds for anything.

Check out your credit score, credit report, and debt-to-income ratio to qualify lenders. You can obtain a personal loan from various major banks, credit unions, and online lenders.

Debt Consolidation Loans

Debt consolidation mixes multiple debts into a single payment via a personal loan or credit card and can save time and money.

Bad Credit Loans

A bad credit loan is sought by someone whose credit score isn’t high enough to receive a loan from a traditional financial institution. Bad credit loans are like personal loans. Individuals borrow money from lenders and pay the loan back in fixed monthly installments.

Nonprofit Credit Counseling

Credit counseling is a service that aims to help individuals get out of debt. Credit counselors may offer advice on managing money, adjusting financial habits, creating a budget, dealing with creditors, and planning to get out of debt.

Credit Card Cash Advance or Balance Transfer

A cash advance lets borrow access available credit (not to exceed your credit limit) to deposit funds to the account or withdraw cash at an ATM. A Balance Transfer helps transfer higher interest rate balances to a credit card saving you money. Noe: you need good credit.

The Bottom Line

Overall, if you belong to a credit union you can hop on the PAL bandwagon if you run into a problem (or two) and need some financial help.

While there are stipulations such as belonging to a credit union to obtain a PAL, you can join a credit union in your area easily as there are typically a few locations. Check with your employer or company you work for to see if they are members of an area credit union.

This can be a great option for those who find themselves short of funds for a purchase, pay a bill, or simply need quick cash and don’t want to go to a traditional lender.

On the flip side, payday loans are risky, often leading the borrower into much worse financial conditions down the road. Also, they are banned in many states.

FAQs

Can I Have More Than One Payday Loan at the Same Time?

It’s not impossible. Many lenders aren’t quick to give out a second loan if a borrower already has one. That said, it is possible to get a second loan through a completely different lender. But this is a very bad idea. Instead, ask your lender about an Extended Payment Plan (EPP) or a Payday Alternative Loan. Or even try a cash advance app.

How Can I Check My Credit Reports?

You’re entitled to one free copy of your credit report every 12 months from each nationwide credit reporting company. Order online from the authorized annualcreditreport.com, according to the website www.ftc.gov for your free credit reports or call 1-877-322-8228.

What is a FICO Score and Is It Different from a Credit Score?

FICO scores are used by lenders to assess credit risk, however other credit scores can also let you know where you stand. FICO scores are one type of credit score you can obtain because FICO is a company that creates specific scoring models used to calculate scores.